Yoga Teacher Training
600-hour standard in accord with European Yoga Federation and World Movement for Yoga and Ayurveda
The program of 600 hours of the Science of Vedic Yoga teacher training course is usually held during 4 years. If organized as intensive course it can be completed in a shorter period of time. At the end of every level students will have examination and receive diploma for that level of graduation.
Recognized by World Movement for Yoga and Ayurveda, World Community of Indian Culture and Traditional Disiplines, European Yoga Federation, International Yoga Confederation, Associations and National Federations, World Academy of Ayurveda, India.
1° Yoga Monitor: Yoga Pravesh (course - 150 hours) qualified as teacher assistant
2° Yoga Instructor: Yoga Parichaya (course - 300 hours)
3° Yoga Technician: Yoga Shikshaka (course - 450 hours )
4° Yoga Teacher: Yoga Siromani (course - 600 hours)
On successful completion of this course, students will have a comprehensive knowledge of the theory and practice of yoga asanas, pranayama and meditation and the ability to observe and identify special needs or conditions of the persons and to teach yoga classes in a safe, effective and confident manner in the following areas: recreative yoga – 3 stages (beginning, middle and advanced practice); exercises for more flexible and strong bio-mechanical system; yoga exercises for strengthening of neuromuscular integration and for the normalization of the functioning of metabolism, endocrine, immune and nervous system; special yoga exercises for the health of spine, and correction of spine disorders; yoga exercises for reducing weight and removing obesity; yoga exercises for pregnancy, menopause and menstruation problems; therapeutic yoga – individual approach of Yoga and Ayurveda for regaining individual health; yoga breathing exercises – exercises of neuro-respiratory integration; special yoga exercises and yoga breathing techniques to enhance immune system; relaxation techniques for removing fatigue, tension, stress and for the development of the full potential of mind and body; procedures for cleansing all the impurities from body; courses for the healthier living based on the ancient science of life of Yoga and Ayurveda; courses for healthy nutrition and cooking; yoga for fitness and sport; procedure for enlivening self healing inner intelligence of body; weekend courses for total recovering of mind and body from everyday stress and enhancing life capabilities; yoga for children, etc.
Yoga Teacher Training Course structure:
1. Yoga Philosophy, Yoga Psychology, Lifestyle and Ethics for Yoga Teachers – 70 hours
The meaning of the word Yoga comes from the sanskrit root YUJ which means to unite, unity. The similar word is yoke. People used to put yoke on bulls to unite their strength. Without yoke each bull would pull to his side and there would be no useful effect. By uniting the differences we create unity of differences. In unity there abides the strength for realization of our endeavours. The most picturesque exposition of yoga would be the universe - a unity of diversity. We all live in the universe in unity of diversity, in yoga. Yoga is universal and it surpasses all cultural, traditional, religious and space-time limitations.
Teaching of Yoga is based on the cognition of ancient seers, rishis about the nature of life. Those ancient cognitions today have been getting confirmation of modern science, Quantum physics in the light of the discovery of the Unified field. Unified field represents the state of yoga in which all diversity of the whole universe is expressed. In Unified field all differences are potentially present in completely unified state of infinite correlation. This is the state of yoga in transcendental field of life in the source of life. Manifested universe also represents the state of yoga because all that is manifested lives in unity. This is the state of yoga in expressed field of life. Recognition that the Unified field is omnipresent and that it can be located in every point of the expressed universe tells us about the final meaning of yoga as the most natural state of life in which we live fullness of life, unity of extreme differences of infinite silence and infinite dynamism. Through everyday practise of yoga we rediscover our full potential of mind and body and we become normal human beings created after the image of God.
Yoga is the ancient science of natural living. It provides us technology of the normalization of life in all its segments. For that purpose the great seer Maharishi Patanjali, author of the Yoga Sutras, divided the whole field of life into eight fields - Maharishi Patanđali Ashtanga Yoga, eight limbs of Yoga of Maharishi Patanđali. Outer one which extends to the far reaching fields of universe and the inner one which reaches our Self.
Outer limbs of yoga - bahiranga yoga are:
Yama, moral codes of behaviour, ethics, life in accord with the laws of nature, moral code is the purpose of our existence and because of that, our most important duty in life. Five moral codes are: nonviolence, truth, noncovetousness, celibacy-living purity of life and nonattachment, nonpossessivness. Niyama principles, in contrast to those of Yama, are more personal and they teach us about the responsibility towards all aspects of our own life. By living the principles of Niyama we are an example and support to our family and society. The five principles of healthy living – Niyama are: purity, contentment, austerity, study and having cosmic intelligence as only support in our life. Asana and Pranayama represent exercises of yoga postures and yoga breathing. Pratyahara is turning the attention from the outer to the inner field of life, towards mind itself and its source.
The inner limbs of yoga – antaranga yoga are:
Dharana, dhyana and samadhi. They are all contained in meditation. Dharana is steadiness of attention in its inward march. Dhyana is a process of reduction of mental activity. Samadhi is the state of pure consciousness, Self.
- Veda and Vedic literature, Vedic recitation
- Vedic literature on Yoga (Yoga sutras of Maharishi Patanjali; Bhagavad Gita; Hatha Yoga-Pradipika, Gheranda Samhita; Shiva Samhita; etc.).
- Sanskrit Terminology – a familiarization with key words and concepts to facilitate and retain authenticity in the teaching.
- Ethics for yoga teachers
2. Anatomy and Physiology – 40 hours
To have understanding of how the relevant body-systems work, and how various yoga asanas impact on these systems. Anatomy and Physiology (bodily systems, organs, etc.) Veda in the Human Physiology Vedic anatomy and physiology (chakras, nadis, etc.) Practical application of Vedic anatomy and physiology to yoga practice (benefits, contraindications, healthy movement patterns, etc.)
3. Asanas, Kriyas, Bandhas, Mudras and other traditional yoga Techniques – 120 hours
Moving is important for health of body and the mind. It is the nature of life. Lack of movement suffocates life. Those that exercise are healthier than those who do not. Our body consists mainly of liquids. Poor circulation of bodily liquids is like a still pool which gives rise to growth of all kinds of microorganisms which pollute our body and cause different illnesses. Good circulation of bodily liquids is like the mountain stream which is pure and rich in oxygen and nutritious ingredients. Exercising is important for stimulating the circulation of bodily liquids. Exercising must not be too strenuous, it should not cause tension, stress and exhaustion. Yoga contains the knowledge of the intelligent way of body exercising. Ancient yogis were in possession of the knowledge of anatomy, physiology, neurology, as well as the mental aspects of human life. On that basis they developed proper sequence of yoga positions so that the body can be healthy and the mind could use its full potential.
Many scientific researches confirm the effectiveness of yoga exercises for the health of mind and body. Yoga exercises strengthen the bio-mechanical system, keep the healthy condition of spine, balance metabolism, and also immune and nervous system. Furthermore they improve circulation of all bodily liquids, they strengthen breathing as well as digestion and reproduction, neutralize fatigue, tension and stress and improve overall mental health. With regular exercising of yoga body becomes younger, beautiful, harmonious, flexible and strong. With yoga we make our body very balanced and ensure proper position of the internal organs so that they can function normally, which is very important for health. Mind becomes calm, full of enthusiasm and determination. Yoga exercises awaken the life energy and make life lively.
According to Hatha Yoga Pradipika, classical text on Yoga, the presence of Yoga is indicated by a happy face, glow in the eyes and healthy body. Ideal programme for health and recreation should contain all these benefits. When we look at the anatomical structure of the body, and its bio-mechanical system, we can see great possibilities of body for performing many different positions. Properly chosen and put in a proper sequence, yoga exercises stretch, loosen, enliven and relax every part of the body. If we do not move enough, we activate only a small part of the possibilities of the muscle-skeletal system which causes different problems in the form of pain, stiffness and poor mobility of joints, deformation of the spine and degeneration of lung tissue which causes hindrance in metabolic processes connected with oxygen and finally causes decay of endocrine glands and the deficiency of immune system. Yoga exercises enliven natural abilities of body.
Children naturally feel need for different movements and put their body in different positions so that they can investigate and use all possibilities of movement which were given naturally. They instinctively do yoga. Parents very often suppress children's need for the investigation of different possibilities of moving their body. They are afraid that they could get hurt and they want them to be more static so that they can control them. That way they restrict their natural need for movement and the consequence is that during life this natural ability of body flexibility becomes reduced to a minimum. Yoga teaches us to remain children all our life, to continue to put our body in different positions the way children do. By using natural ability of body movement we will retain children's flexibility, health and vitality throughout our life.
- Biomechanics of asanas and their classification
- Five fundamentals of progress in the practice of yoga asanas
- Who, when, and how to practice yoga
- Samhita approach to practicing asanas, linking consciousness, breath and movement into one wholeness on the move.
- Main principles of the correct practice of asanas; training into principles and practicing them in asana
- Methods of maximizing the benefit of movement and breathing in asanas
- The techniques of observation. Observing the body, breath and mind before doing the asana, moving into the asana, staying in the asana, moving out of the asana, and after doing the asana.
- Sun salutation - Suryanamaskaram.
- Practicing asanas in water – Aqua yoga.
- Developing strength, flexibility and structural alignment through practice of the different series of asanas.
- Asanas for the spine.
- Learning and practicing: bandhas, mudras and kriyas.
- Learning and practicing: shatkarma, shankhaprakshalana.
- Personalizing the practice of asanas. Techniques of personalization.
- The concept of Brmhana and Langhana in Yoga and Ayurveda.
- Structuring the series of asanas for different needs, designing proper sequence of asana practice.
4. Pranayama – 60 hours
Pranayama is a Vedic breathing technique, which stimulates and increases the vital energy, ultimately bringing about perfection and evenness of the soft flow of prana within the whole physiology. Prana is the vital force which pervades the whole universe. Prana is the link that connects consciousness and matter, Atma (individual Self) and the body. Pranayama bestows greater vitality and long life.
- Asana-Pranayama link
- Prana and kundalini
- Types of prana
- Agni (fire of life)
- Principles of the proper practice of pranayama
- Practice of pranayama (position for pranayama, techniques of pranayama, modifications of pranayama).
- Sound in pranayama.
5. Therapeutic Approach of Asana and Pranayama – 60 hours
Yoga therapy is the art and science of healing according to yogic principles. Good health is a state of integration. The World Health Organization defines health similarly, as a state of physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease. Yoga of Maharishi Patanjali is the principal basis for yoga therapy, or the healing of all aspects of one's being. Yoga therapy operates according to the same individualized approach that characterizes all yogic practice. Each therapeutic program considers the patient's current condition, using that as a starting point, and structures the program from that point so as to be safe, feasible, and effective in each individual case. Yoga therapy is considering six factors that we can use to affect and maintain our health. They are: diet, environment, lifestyle, exercise, breathing techniques and mental techniques.
- Asana, pranayama and relaxation procedures for structural and functional problems
- Scientific research on asana and pranayama
6. Meditation – 20 hours
During meditation stress and tensions are released. State of deep relaxation is achieved effortlessly and in a systematic way. Meditation is experienced as very useful, pleasant and refreshing. It is strengthening us mentally and physically. It develops full mental potential and brings more stability and success to our life in all our activities.
- Theory of meditation
- Transcendental meditation
- Scientific research about benefits of Transcendental meditation
7. Ayurveda – 40 hours
Ayurveda is the science of life. It consists of various therapeutic approaches relating to the human physiology. Each of these approaches ranging from the simple lifestyle recommendations to directly focused treatment interventions should be individually tailored to address the unique makeup of imbalances in a person's psychophysiology. According to Ayurveda, every human being is a unique phenomenon of cosmic consciousness. Vata (ether plus air), pitta (fire plus water) and kapha (water plus earth) are called the tridosha, meaning the three humors or the three organizations of the body, which are also derived from consciousness. The balance of vata, pitta and kapha is the natural order, thus when this doshic balance is disturbed, it creates imbalance, which is disorder. Health is order and disease is disorder. Within the body there is a constant interaction between order and disorder, thus once one understands the nature and structure of disorder, one can re-establish order. The principal means of assessing an individual's unique dosha proportions and current state of dosha imbalance is nadi vigyan, or pulse diagnosis. The pulse provides a channel through which one can learn not only about the state of the bodily organs, but also about the interaction and balance of the energies in the mind-body complex. For prevention of disease we must help the body to eliminate the toxins. For that Ayurveda suggests putting the person on a proper diet with appropriate lifestyle, habits and exercise of asana, pranayama, meditation, and administering a proper cleansing program such as panchakarma.
- Yoga and Ayurveda
- Basic principles of Ayurveda
- Asana and pranayama in Ayurveda
- Ayurvedic remedies for common ailments
- Ayurvedic recommendations for routine and diet
8. Teaching Methodology – 30 hours
For the teaching to be authentic and useful teacher should live in accord what he teaches. Yoga Teacher Training Course will give to all course participants this quality which will make them authentic and efficient teachers of Yoga.
- Principles of demonstration, observation, personalization, sequencing for individual needs, assisting/correcting, instruction, teaching styles
- Qualities of a teacher and the student’s process of learning.
- Establishing a personal practice with guidance.
- Conducting classes for small and for larger groups.
- Professional and business aspects of teaching yoga.
9. Consideration of different Systems of Yoga – 20 hours
Considering the theory and practice of the most prominent yoga systems
- Different styles of asana, pranayama and meditation practice
- Raja yoga, hatha yoga, kundalini yoga (laya yoga), mantra yoga, kriya yoga, bhakti yoga, ashtanga yoga, surya yoga, vini yoga, vinyasa yoga, etc.
10. Practicum – 40 hours
Includes practice teaching, receiving feedback, observing others teaching and hearing/giving feedback. Also includes assisting students while someone else is teaching.
11. Two Residence courses on Science of Vedic Yoga – 100 hours
each course is lasting 7 days – 50 hours
- Intensive study and practice of asana, pranayama and meditation for developing full mental potential to become a teacher of yoga who is the embodiment of what he teaches.
- During second Residence course is organized final testing for becoming teacher of the Science of Vedic Yoga.
Recommended literature for the Course
- A.G. Mohan: Yoga for Body, Breath and Mind. Shambhala, 2002.
- A.G. Mohan and Indra Mohan: Yoga therapy, Shambhala, 2004.
- Dr. med. Ernst Schrott: Ayurveda, 2005, Wilhelm Goldmann, Verlag, München
- Dr. med. Ernst Schrott, Dr. med. Wolfgang Schachinger: Handbuch Ayurveda, 2005 Karl F. Haugh Verlag in MVS Medizin-verlage Stuttgart GmbH & Co. KG.,
- Jadranko Miklec: Yama – moralna načela, Zagreb, 2002
- Jadranko Miklec: Niyama – životna načela, Zagreb, 2004
- Jadranko Miklec: Asana – yoga položaji Pranayama – yoga disanje, Zagreb, 2005
- Jadranko Miklec: Yoga za kralježnicu i ljepotu tijela, Zagreb, 2006
- Jadranko Miklec: Povratak zdravlju - Transcendentalna meditacija, Zagreb, 2007
- Jadranko Miklec: Science of Vedic Yoga, Zagreb 2012
- Mel Robin: A Physiological Handbook for Teachers of Yogasana, Fenestra Books, 2002.
- H. David Coulter: Anatomy of Hatha Yoga. Body and Breath, Inc., 2001.
- Dr. David Frawley, Sandra Summerfield, M. S. Kozak: Yoga for Your Type. An Ayurvedic Aproach to Your Asana Practice. Lotus Press, 2001.
- B.K.S. Iyengar: Light on Yoga. George Allen and Unwin, London, 1986.
- B.K.S. Iyengar: Light on Pranayama. George Allen and Unwin, London, 1981.
- B.K.S. Iyengar: Yoga The Path to Holistic Health. Dorling Kindersley Limited, 2001.
- Shri K. Pattabhi Jois: Yoga Mala. North Point Press, 2000.
- T.K.V. Desikachar: Religiousness in Yoga. University Press of America, 1980.
- Gary Kraftsow: Yoga for transformation. Penguin Compass, 2002.
- Gary Kraftsow: Yoga for Wellness. Penguin Putnam Inc., 1999.
- Srivatsa Ramaswami: The complete book of Vinyasa Yoga, New York, 2005.
- Pancham Sinh: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika. Munshiram Manoharlal, 1992.
- Rai Bahadur Srisa Chandra Vasu: The Shiva Samhita. Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1990.
- Rai Bahadur Srisa Chandra Vasu: The Gheranda Samhita. Oriental Books Reprint Corporation, 1980.
- Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Bhagavad Gita. Maharishi Vedic University.
- Prof. Tony Nader, MD, PhD: Human physiology, expresion of Veda and vedic literature. Maharishi Vedic University, Vlodrop, The Netherlands, 2000.
- Swami Hariharananda Aranya: Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali. University of Calcuta, 1981.
- M. Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Motilal Banarsidas, Delhi, 1999.
The course is organized by Društvo za športsku rekreaciju “SUNCE”, Mikleci 25, 10040 Zagreb, Croatia in collaboration with Maharishi Akademie Für Vedische Wissenschaft; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ayurveda; European Yoga Federation and Academy for Living Healthy in America.
Teacher of the Yoga Teacher Training Course is Yogacharya Jadranko Miklec
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